Sun advice

From April to September, when the UV index exceeds 3, it's a good idea to follow the prevailing sun advices and create good sun habits for you and your loved ones. Start by using your common sense, respect your skin type and simply avoid too much sun.

We have collected the best sun advices so you can feel safe in the sun:

Stay out of the sun between the hours of 11am and 3pm when the intensity of the sun's rays is strongest. Do not stay in the sun too long even when using sun protection. Remember that sand and water reflects and amplifies the UV rays from the sun. 

You can protect yourself with light clothing, a wide brimmed hat and sunglasses.              

Always remember to apply enough sunscreen to achieve the protection stated on the product. An adult should use appr. 30-40 ml or a good handful for a full body coverage and about 20 ml for a child. It fits fairly well with a 100 ml sunscreen equivalent to 2-3 applications per adult. If you apply less sunscreen, the sun protection factor and protection will decrease significantly.

 

 

 

Never expose babies and young children to direct sunlight. Children should have extra protection against the ultraviolet rays. Use sunscreens with high sun protection factors, light clothes and a sunhat. Good sun habits as child can reduce the risk for sunburned skin, skin damages and skin cancer.

Your skin type

All skin types react differently to the sun, and the sun’s UVA and UVB rays affect even the darker skin types. To avoid sunburn, redness, sun rash and other long-term damage such as wrinkles and, at worst, skin cancer, it is important that you know your skin type and think about your behavior in the sun. There are six basic skin types:

NB: This is a general guideline. Therefore, always use your common sense and try to start with the recommended products for a short time in the sun.

  • 1024/haand-1-102x102px
    Skin type 1
    • Hair Color: red / blonde
    • Eyes: blue / green
    • Skin: Very pale, reddish. Will easily get sunburned skin, will never get a tanned skin
    • SPF: Use SPF 50+ and then SPF 30
  • 1022/haand-2-102x102px
    Skin type 2
    • Hair: Blond / red
    • Eyes: Blue, gray, green, hazel
    • Skin: Pale. Will easily get reddish skin, rarely get a tanned skin
    • SPF: Use SPF 30 or SPF 50+
  • 1023/haand-3-102x102px
    Skin type 3
    • Hair Color: Light Brown, Chestnut, Dark Blonde
    • Eyes: Brown, blue, gray, hazel
    • Skin: Light, Light Brown. Will sometimes get red, and gradually tan.
    • SPF: Use SPF 15, 20 or 30
  • 1021/haand-4-102x102px
    Skin type 4
    • Hair: Dark brown
    • Eyes: Brown
    • Skin: Dark brown. Being lightly tanned and rarely red
    • SPF: Use SPF 15 or 20
  • 1025/haand-5-102x102px
    Skin type 5
    • Hair: Dark brown
    • Eyes: Brown
    • Skin: Dark brown. Gets easily a tanned skin and even darker.
    • SPF: Use SPF 15
  • 1026/haand-6-102x102px
    Skin type 6
    • Hair: Black
    • Eyes: Brown
    • Skin: Black. Get's a deep dark tan.
    • SPF: Use SPF 15
P20 was easy to apply for the team and my skin could breath through it and I got no sun damages. The only place I was burned by the sun was on the lips. Read more Close

As one of 278 solo riders who have completed the Race Across America, the world's toughest race, over the last 30 years, As no. 8 in 2014, even as the world's youngest RAAM participant. With only a few hours of rest per day, biked Aske Søby 4.868 km in one stretch of 10 days and 22 hours.

'The others were covered in sunscreen, so they were pure white and many were sunburnt, which is a nuisance. It means a lot to reduce any nuisance, because you are 2-3 years in your head when you are so pressured and sleeping so little, "says Aske.

'P20 was easy to smear on the team and I could breathe in it and got no sun damage. The only place I was burned by the sun was on the lips'.

Aske Søby, world youngest RAAM participant

Differences between UVA and UVB

Sunlight contains two types of harmful UV rays: UVA and UVB. Both is carcinogenic and not only on sunny days, but also on cloudy days with high UV radiation.

UVA rays can cause premature aging of your skin in the form of wrinkles and age spots. Even sensible sun exposure can have cosmetic consequences because the sun in any case causes premature skin aging. Sun damaged skin has lines, hangs, looks like leather, rough, dry, yellowish or stained. The effect is called "photo-aging".

We are exposed to UVA rays even inside cars and rear windows as UVA rays will not be stopped by the window glass. We cannot see UVA rays, so it is very important to ensure a sunscreen that protects well against UVA rays.

UVB rays are stronger and therefore the primary cause of sunburn and skin cancer, but are blocked by window glass. UVB rays are responsible for sunburns and play a significant role in the development of skin cancer. Prior to 2006, sunscreens primarily protected against UVB rays.

It is not possible to prevent UVA and UVB rays, but in return, it is possible to reduce the effect. The difference is amazing when you compare skin that has been protected from the sun with skin which for years has been sunburned.

What is the UV index?

UV index is a help to find out when you should be protected in the sun. In summer months, you can follow the UV index in the weather forecast.

Is the UV index 3 or above, use sunscreen and take other precautions in the sun. See sun advices here. You can download a UV App for free a in App Store or Google Play.

UV index is a measurement of the intensity of the sun's rays. The purpose of the UV index is to help people to know when to protect themselves from the sun's UV radiation which can cause sunburn, eye damage, skin aging and skin cancer.

In the midday sun close to equator UV index will be up to 15. In the Northern part of Europe the maximum UV index is 7 during the summer months.

UV is an abbreviation of the word Ultraviolet and indicates the amount of ultraviolet radiation emitted from the sun at any given time. The values ​​reflect the amount of UV that hits the surface of the earth, measured in W / m2.

FAQ

In Europe the season of the sun's harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays are highest between April and September. When the UV index exceeds 3, it is recommended that you wear sunscreen if you will be outside. Even on cloudy days, up to 80% of the sun's harmful UV rays penetrate your skin.

Remember that snow, sand and water increases the need for sun protection because it reflects the sun's rays and amplifies UV radiation.

In countries closer to the equator, where the sun's rays are stronger, it is recommended to use sun protection with a high SPF to be fully protected. 

The Sun Protection Factor (SPF), specified on your packaging, tells you how much protection your sunscreen offers against UVB rays.

In general, the higher the SPF number in your sunscreen, the greater the protection. A SPF 6 or 10 offer a low protection, SPF 15, 20 or 25 offer a medium protection, SPF 30 or 50 offer a high protection, and SPF 50+ offers a very high protection. This is measured using a standardized test.

To choose the right SPF, you need to consider several factors. The most important of these is your skin type which includes the color of your skin before exposure to the sun, your hair and eye color. You also need to think about where you are going on holiday and what time of the year . Read here about your skintype

It depends on your skin type, the season, where you are in the World and the time of day. People with dark hair and dark skin can generally stay longer in the, sun without getting sun burned, than people with fair hair and skin. Between 11 am and 3 pm the concentration of UVA and UVB rays are at its highest; so if you go out in the sun wear clothes, a hat and sunscreen. Keep in mind that snow, water and sand reflect the sun, increasing the amount of rays you are exposed to. Check your skin type here

The average adult needs to apply 30-40ml of sun cream for a full body coverage and effective protection. Parts of the body are often forgotten for example the back of the neck, the upper part of the chest and the backs of the legs. Always apply 15 min. before sun exposure to ensure protection from the moment you step outside.

To protect the skin, sunscreens use UV filters that absorb radiation from the sun. When a sunscreen is exposed to this radiation, it can alter the chemical structure of the UV filters and reduce their protective capabilities.

A "photostable" sunscreen is able to withstand the effects of UV exposure better, so it keeps its level of protection.

Broad-spectrum protection means the ability to protect against the harmful effects of both UVA (ageing rays) and UVB (burning rays). To be classified as offering broad-spectrum protection, a product needs to absorb or reflect at least 90% of the UV rays from 290 to 400 nanometers (nm) wavelength range.

With a water resistant sunscreen you can be in the water 2x20 minutes before you have to reapply the sunscreen.

Is the sunscreen categorized as highly water resistant, it last up to 80 minutes before it must be reapply. This is the highest classification available.

It is proven that P20 sunscreen is more than very water resistant as it keeps the protection even after 80 minutes of bathing. This is unique for a sunscreen.

Yes, you do. Several studies have shown that sunscreen users have vitamin D formation at the same level or higher than those not using sun protection. Sunscreen will not block 100% of UV rays, and you only need a small amount of sun exposure to provide enough vitamin D. Even wearing suntan lotion and in the shadow, your body produces vitamin D in the summer months.

Yes, you probably can. But if you have had the sunscreen with you on the beach, it is not recommended to store it. If the sunscreen is kept dark and cool, it can still be used even with just a small amount left from last year. If the cream smells, throw it out.

You can prevent sun rash by limiting the time in the sun. And if you are out in the sun, you can prevent the sun rash by using protective clothing and a good sunscreen with filters against both UVA and UVB radiation

It is important to apply a relatively thick layer of sunscreen and you should apply it at least 15 minutes before sun exposure.

If you experience a outbreak of sun rash, it is important to stay away from the sun. Antihistamines and mild cortisone cream can relieve if the eczema is obtained.